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Outside were the athletic installations and the hostels, baths, and other accommodations for visitors.
The Temple of Zeus was the largest and most important building at Olympia and one of the largest Doric temples in Greece.
The temple was sufficiently cleared to reveal its general plan, and fragments of three sculptured metopes (panels) were found, which were later placed in the Louvre, in Paris.
The great German excavations of 1875–81 (led by Ernst Curtius) cleared the whole of the sacred precinct and some buildings that lay outside it, and the position of the stadium was located by exploratory trenches.
First controlled by the nearby town of Pisa, Olympia later came under the jurisdiction of Elis, which subjugated Pisa and Pisatis, the surrounding region, in 572 , when the Roman emperor Theodosius I abolished pagan festivals.
Theodosius II had the temples destroyed in 426; earthquakes further damaged the ruins in 522 and 551.
The Altis, or Sacred Grove of Zeus, was an irregular quadrangle more than 600 feet (183 metres) on a side, bounded on the north by the hill of Cronus and enclosed by a wall on the other three sides.
The temple had 6 columns across the front and 13 on the sides.
Olympic Games, and former site of the massive Statue of Zeus, which had been ranked as one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
Olympia is located near the western coast of the Peloponnese peninsula of southern Greece, 10 miles (16 km) inland from the Ionian Sea, near a point where the Alpheus (Alfios) and Cladeus (Kladios) rivers meet.
The molds were evidently used for hammering into shape the thin sheets of gold that formed the statue’s drapery.
Pottery found with this debris indicates that the workshop was active in the years around 430 .