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This system required the addition of an extra month three times every eight years, and as a further adjustment the king would periodically order the insertion of an additional extra month into the calendar.

The Babylonians, who lived in what is now Iraq, added an extra month to their years at irregular intervals.

Instead, they returned to a fixed-length calendar that had 12 months of 30 days each, but with five days added at the end.

To balance the calendar with the solar year, the early Babylonians calculated that they needed to add an extra month three times every eight years.Greek historian Diodorus Siculus wrote: "The approach to the Garden sloped like a hillside and the several parts of the structure rose from one another tier on tier... and was thickly planted with trees of every kind that, by their great size and other charm, gave pleasure to the beholder...The water machines (raised) the water in great abundance from the river, although no one outside could see it." (Painting by Mario Larrinaga) The ancient Babylonians used a calendar with alternating 29- and 30-day months.Following are details about several ancient calendars...The Hanging Gardens of Babylon East bank of the River Euphrates, about 50 km south of Baghdad, Iraq Palace with legendary gardens built on the banks of the Euphrates river by King Nebuchadnezzar II (which might have never existed except in the minds of Greek poets and historians, although recent archaeological excavations uncovered the foundation of the palace).

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